nanken-nanko 何間何戸
KEY WORD : architecture / gates
Lit. How many bays? How many entrances? Questions posed in order to ascertain the number of bays *ken 間, and number of entrances in various gates. Thus ikken-ikko 一間一戸 means 1-bay made with 1-entrance filling the single bay. Usually, a walled or partially latticed fence is attached to each side. Examples: Hannyaji Roumon 般若寺楼門 (1264-1275) in Nara. *Sangen-ikko 三間一戸 refers to a 3-bay wide gate with 1-entrance in the center bay. Example: Kiyomizudera Nioumon 清水寺仁王門, 9.55m ×5.00m, late Muromachi period. Yonken-niko 四間二戸 refers to four bays with the middle 2-bays as entrances. Example: Houryuuji *Chuumon 法隆寺中門, 11.90m×8.46m, two-storied type *nijuumon 二重門 (late 7-8c) in Nara. This Chuumon is unique in its arrangement of 4-bays with 2 entrances *Goken-sanko 五間三戸 refers to a gate 5-bays wide with the three central bays used as entrances. Example: Toudaiji *Nandaimon 東大寺南大門, 28.79m ×10.79m, two storied type (1199) in Nara.

*munamon 棟門, *shikyakumon 四脚門, *hakkyakumon 八脚門 

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