koumon 後門
KEY WORD : architecture / gates
Lit. rear gate. The best known is found at Kitano Tenmanguu 北野天満宮. The gate is an example of *hirakaramon 平唐門, i.e., gate with undulating gables. It has a 1-bay, one entrance with an open work fence sukashibei 透塀 attached on each side to the main pillars. The koumon, is dated 1607 and has circular pillars that carry a horizontal beam *kabuki 冠木 that is sandwiched between the so-called male *obari 男梁 and female *mebari 女梁 beams. Above the male beam is a frog-leg strut *kaerumata 蟇股 and at the center of the kabuki is a plectrum-shaped strut *minozuka 箕束 that supports the ridge. Braces extend outward to support the eave purlins *gagyou 丸桁. The rafters *taruki 垂木 are curved and give support for the roof's undulating gables and are widely spaced. The rafter ends have moldings. All the visible parts such as the bargeboards *hafu 破風, the horizontal beams, and the eave purlins are all elaborately ornamented with gold plated metal pieces covered with various motifs. The ceiling is open to under side of the roof *keshou yane 化粧屋根.


(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System. No reproduction or republication without written permission.