|KEY WORD : architecture / general terms|
|A studio or place of work for artists and craftsmen. Also refers to artists or craftsmen who group together to produce work based on a similar purpose or approach. Essentially the same meaning as 'atelier'. In ancient Japan, there were koubou for imperial court painters, kyuutei-eshi 宮廷絵師, painters in the employ of the shogun *goyou-eshi 御用絵師, official painting bureau of temples and shrines, jiin-no-edokoro 寺院の絵所, and studios for making Buddhist statues *bussho 仏所. By the late Muromachi period, guild za 座 organizations had developed among fanmakers ougiya 扇屋 in Kyoto and Buddhist painters *ebusshi 絵仏師 in Nara, but they were dissolved during the Momoyama and early Edo periods and replaced by private studios or *eya 絵屋. Examples of productions of eya in the early Edo period are works produced by Soutatsu's 宗達 studio, Soutatsu koubou which used the *Tawaraya 俵屋 seal or the *Inen 伊年 seal, and paintings by the Iwasa Matabee 岩佐又兵衛 koubou. In the 18c many works were produced by Kaigetsudou Ando 懐月堂安度 and his disciples of the Kaigetsudou koubou.|
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