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eya@ŠG‰®
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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A shop which produced and sold painting. Distinguished from fan shops ougiya î‰® and screen shops shoujiya áŽq‰® by the production of a variety of painted goods, each eya was an organization managed and operated by prosperous townspeople. The eya, in response to the increased demand for artworks particularly by townspeople, appeared in the 16c in Sakai ä, after which it spread to Osaka, Kyoto and Nara. The term eya first appeared in the Eiroku ‰i˜\ era (1558-70) and is commonly encountered in literature of the Keichou Œc’· era (1596-1615). The artists of these shops came from a variety of backgrounds, including artisans, Buddhist painters, low-ranking students of the Tosa and Kanou schools, *Tosaha “y²”h and *Kanouha Žë–ì”h as well as self-taught painters. Products were many and varied, ranging from gold and silver tone underpaintings *kingindei-e ‹à‹â“DŠG for calligraphy on *shikishi FŽ† and long cardboard strips *tanzaku ’Zû, fan paintings *senmenga î–ʉæ, screen paintings *byoubu-e › •—ŠG, handscrolls *emaki ŠGŠª, and hanging scrolls *kakemono Š|•¨ to paintings on shells (see *kaiawase ŠL‡), patterns for woven and dyed cloth, lantern *tourou “”âÄ paintings, architectural decorations and colored dolls. Artwork was both made-to-order and ready-made to be sold at the shop. The atelier of Soutatsu @’B (? -1643?), called *Tawaraya •U‰®, was probably an eya. Another artist who was associated with an eya was Kaihou Yuusetsu ŠC–k—Fá (1598-1677), also known as Douki “¹ô, the son of Kaihou Yuushou ŠC–k—F¼ (1533-1615; see *Kaihouha ŠC–k”h). After the death of his father, Yuusetsu studied the Kanou style and then worked in an eya, calling himself Eya Chuuzaemon ŠG‰®’‰¶‰q–å. He later became a noted professional painter primarily known for his landscapes.
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