|KEY WORD : art history / paintings|
who were given a salary in the service of the shogunate or daimyou
大名. Although the Imperial Court and various temples had employed artists
at ateliers *edokoro
絵所 since the Heian period, the artist Shuubun 周文 (first half of the 15c)
was the first to be employed by the shogunate. His position was succeeded
by Oguri Soutan 小栗宗湛 (1413-81) and then by Kanou Masanobu 狩野正信 (1434-1530)
and Motonobu 元信 (1476-1559). The painters of the Kanou school *Kanouha
狩野派 were goyou-eshi of the successive shoguns in the late Muromachi
and Momoyama periods and laid the foundation of its prosperity in the Edo
period. This term, however, is sometimes more narrowly applied only to the
government employed Kanou painters after Tan'yuu 探幽 (1602-74), whose positions
were firmly established in the governmental system.
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