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kidan@d
KEY WORD :@architecture / general terms
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A class of platform or podium specially associated with Buddhist temple buildings dating from the 7c-12c. It was first introduced from the *Kudara S (Korean: Paekche) kingdom when Buddhism and its architects came to Japan (mid-6c) along with many other craftsmen. Stone podii were made primarily for temple buildings until the late 12c. A new type of podium, made of a plaster covered mound *kamebara T under a building that was surrounded by a veranda, gradually replaced the stone podii for temple buildings from the early Heian period. The earliest extant example is Ichijouji *Snajuu-no-tou 掛Od (1171) in Hyougo prefecture. Stone podii are also called *danjouzumi d and can be divided into two basic types: danjouzumi ichijuu kidan dψdd and danjouzumi nijuu kidan dϓdd. The former has one level while the latter has two. The upper platform is called *jousei kidan 㐬d, and the lower one is called kasei kidan d. Both have one flight of steps dan-ishi i at the center of each side. The sloping borders along the steps are called *mimi-ishi . The construction site for such podii was prepared with mounds of rubble and several layers of clay piled up to the desired height. Rough stone, or more rarely granite, was used to contain the mound. The site also included ground sills *jifuku-ishi n that surrounded the mound. Stone posts *tsuka-ishi were erected and stone panels *hame-ishi Hڐ were set between. The top surface was finished with square stones or tiles, or rectangular tiles *shihanjiki l~ that became the floor of the temple building. Finally, border or curb stones *katsura-ishi covered the edges where the vertical frame and the flooring met. Proto-modern flooring stones were usually set parallel to the length of the building, but by the end of the 12c, they were more frequently diamond shaped *nunojiki z~ or hexagonal. The podium resembles a Buddhist altar *shumidan {d.
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Koufukuji Hokuendou k~ (Nara)
a) *katsura-ishi ΁@b) *tsuka-ishi ΁@c) *jifuku-ishi n΁@d) *hame-ishi Hڐ΁@e) *mimi-ishi

Koufukuji Hokuendou k~ (Nara)
Houryuuji Touin Yumedono @@a (Nara)
Houryuuji Touin Yumedono @@a (Nara)


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