kamebara 亀腹
KEY WORD : architecture / general terms
Also called *manjuugata 饅頭形. Lit. tortoise belly.

1 A squarish bun-shaped mound covered with white plaster. It was devised to create a raised surface on which to place base stones *soseki 礎石 or other supporting members for a wooden floor itayuka 板床 and building framework *jiku 軸. An early example of kamebara may be found at Ichijouji *Snajuu-no-tou 一乗寺三重塔 (1171) in Hyougo prefecture.

a) enkazura 縁葛 b) enzuka 縁束 c) kamebara 亀腹
Sanjuusangendou 三十三間堂 (Kyoto)

2 The rotund, white, plaster-covered form extending above the lower roof of the two-storied *tahoutou 多宝塔, a pagoda dedicated to Tahou nyorai 多宝如来 (Sk. Prabhutaratna tathagata).

Negoroji Daitou 根来寺大塔 (Wakayama)

3 The bun-shaped base stones supporting the pillars of certain Shinto gates *torii 鳥居, including *myoujin torii 明神鳥居, *inari torii 稲荷鳥居 and *ryoubu torii 両部鳥居.


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