|KEY WORD : architecture / 1-3 folk dwellings, 4 tea houses|
1 A service
or tradesmen's entry. A house entry that lead to the kitchen; *katte 勝手, *daidokoro
台所. The formal entry for guests was called *genkan
玄関. The family entry was called *uchigenkan
内玄関. The katteguchi was used particularly in late Edo
period houses of middle ranking warriors, chuukyuu bushi
juutaku 中級武士住宅 where the earth-floored area *doma
土間 was small and the kitchen entry often tucked away at the
rear. In farmhouses nouka 農家 and in the houses of traders
and artisans *machiya
町家 where the doma was more extensive and its entry more
prominent, the term *oodoguchi
大戸口 (great doorway) was commonly used for the main entrance.
Old Shinozuka 篠塚 house (Nagasaki)
2 Used in parts of Aomori prefecture instead of oodoguchi for the main entry to the doma in largescale nouka which also had a genkan (here referred to as genkanguchi 玄関口).
3 In vernacular houses *minka 民家 in parts of Saitama prefecture, a secondary entry to the doma distinct from oodoguchi. Usually at the rear of the house or in the gable end, it was in close to the food preparation area.
4 In tea houses *chashitsu 茶室, either an alternative term for *sadouguchi 茶道口, the door dividing the chashitsu from the preparation area; *katte 勝手, *mizuya 水屋, or as an alternative entry to the katte from the exterior, as at Shouiken 笑意軒, Katsura Rikyuu 桂離宮 in Kyoto.
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