koushi 格子
KEY WORD : architecture / general terms
Latticework or grille. Normally latticework is made of wood and grille made of metal. Both are laid out in a grid. The most common type of latticework is composed of vertical and horizontal strips, and is called tateyoko goushi 竪横格子. Vertical strips of lattice are called koushiko 格子子 and horizontal strips are called *nuki 貫. This combination is often seen in the gable pediment *tsuma 妻, of hip-and-gable roofs *irimoya-zukuri 入母屋造, of buildings dating from the late 15c. This type of lattice is called *kitsunegoushi 狐格子 and also fills the frames of sliding partitions that divide the area, for devotees *gejin 外陣, from the inner sanctuary *naijin 内陣, of Shingon 真言 or Tendai 天台 sect buildings. In the transoms *ranma 欄間, above these sliding latticed partitions is another latticework with strips of wood placed diagonally to form a lozenge or diamond shaped pattern called *hishigoushi 菱格子. Sujikai goushi 筋違格子 is also composed of diagonal muntins used in framework for sliding doors *shouji 障子. Latticed sliding doors koushido 格子戸, are found in vernacular housing and gates. When narrow lattice or lattice strips with different widths are arranged in groups with equal intervals among the groups, this is called *fukiyose 吹寄. Latticework in crisscross, koushi ranma 格子欄間, diamond or grouped patterns are also used in the transoms above opaque sliding screens *fusuma 襖, which can divide living space into separate rooms. Latticework is also used against a solid wooden backing. If lattice is used in a panel hame 羽目, it is called koushi bame 格子羽目. There are many names for various patterns of latticework. Kyougoushi 京格子 and oosaka goushi 大阪格子 are each characteristic respectively of Kyoto and Osaka; and tsumagoushi 妻格子 are used in gable pediments of hip-and-gable roofs.


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