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Zenkoujishiki amida sanzon @PɎO
KEY WORD :@art history / sculptures
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Images of the *Amida trinity made in the style of the Amida trinity at Zenkouji P in Nagano prefecture. This triad is the principal devotional image at Zenkouji and is said to have originated in India. It then traveled to China, and was brought to Japan by Hata no Kose dayuu `v in 552. It is a triad of Amida with the attendants *Kannon ω and *Seishi rendered in gilt bronze. The main figure and the two attendants are placed against the same nimbus (see *ikkou sanzon O). The standing Amida image is shown with the right hand raised and the left hand lowered in the position known as touken-in or tou-in , where only the forefinger and middle finger are extended. The attendant figures wear ornamental crowns and have their hands folded across their chest. In the Fujiwara and Kamakura periods, Pure Land Buddhism joudokyou y, spread in Japan and faith in the Amida became very widespread. A large number of imitations of the Zenkousishiki amida sanzon were made, initially in the Kantou ֓ and Touhoku k regions and later throughout the country. Many of these statues were made of bronze, and some were gold plated. There are also rare examples of wooden or iron statues. Although the size of the images varied, the central figure was most frequently around 30cm in height. The Zenkousishiki amida sanzon in Zenkouji, Yamanashi prefecture is the oldest signed example in Japan, bearing the date, Kenkyuu v 7 (1196).
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REFERENCES:
*sanzonbutsu O, *chuuson , *kyouji e, *in .
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