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sanzonbutsu@ŽO‘¸•§
KEY WORD :@ art history / sculptures
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Also sanzonzou ŽO‘¸‘œ, sanzon ŽO‘¸. A set of three Buddhist deities appearing together. They form a triad with the principal image *chuuson ’†‘¸ in the centre, and an attendant *kyouji ˜eŽ˜ on each side. Sanzonbutsu are often named according to the principal deity; for example Yakushi sanzonbutsu –òŽtŽO‘¸•§ is a triad of *Yakushi –òŽt with two attendants, and Amida sanzonbutsu ˆ¢–í‘ÉŽO‘¸•§ shows *Amida ˆ¢–í‘É with two attendants. Frequent triads include Amida appearing with *Kannon ŠÏ‰¹ and *Seishi ¨ŽŠ as attendants, Yakushi depicted with *Nikkou Gakkou “úŒõEŒŽŒõ, and *Shaka Žß‰Þ with *Monju •¶Žê and *Fugen •Œ«. These groupings are based on Buddhist scripture and were firmly established in Japan in the Nara period, so statues made prior to this period do not necessarily follow this pattern. The Shaka sanzonzou Žß‰ÞŽO‘¸‘œ in Houryuuji *Kondou –@—²Ž›‹à“°, Nara, for example, shows Shaka attended by Yakuou –ò‰¤ and Yakujou –òã. In the Heian period, with the introduction of Esoteric Buddhism mikkyou –§‹³, a large number and variety of sanzonbutsu were made. Especially important examples are the figures of *Fudou Myouou •s“®–¾‰¤ accompanied by *Kongara douji áà㹗…“¶Žq and *Seitaka douji §‚½‰Þ“¶Žq, and *Bishamonten ”ù¹–å“V attended by *Kichijouten ‹gË“V and Zennishi douji ‘PäVŽt“¶Žq.
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NOTES
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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