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CATEGORY:@architecture / lanterns
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Also written “”˜U. A lantern. The earliest were introduced to Japan from China through Korea along with Buddhism in the 6c. Several types of lanterns were popular in Japan: 1) Stone lanterns ishidourou Ξ“”βΔ, were used first as votive lights at temples and shrines. Later they were used to light the ground of these religious precincts. Secular use began in the 16c. when stone lanterns were used by tea masters for gardens surrounding their tea huts. There are about 9 major categories of stone lanterns based on general shapes and over 75 sub-categories. All include a hollowed-out upper section which hold a light.@2) Hanging metal lanterns *tsuridourou ’ή“”βΔ, usually of bronze or iron, were hung from the corner eaves at palatial residences, temples and shrines.@3) Standing oil lanterns andon s“”, had iron or wood frames. There were many different shapes and sizes which burned oil in shallow saucers suspended within a frame covered with paper. This type of lantern became popular during the Edo period was used in private homes.@4) Portable lanterns bonbori α“΄, were distinctively hexagonal, with wood or metal frames covered with paper, or glass in later years. They generally had poles attached horizontally to the top of the frame for ease of transportation.@5) Paper lanterns chouchin ’ρ“”, were used outside the house and suspended from the eaves of buildings or carried in processions. The frame was a collapsible structure of thin bamboo strips covered with paper. A candle was placed inside. Chouchin were made in various sizes, shapes and colors and were often decorated with the names or logos of restaurants or inns.
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@ishidourou Ξ“”βΔ
Kasuga Taisha t“ϊ‘εŽΠ (Nara)@>>full image
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a) kaen ‰Ξ‰‹ b) *kakikubi Œ‡Žρ
c) *ukebana Žσ‰Τ d) kudarimune ~“
e) *warabite ˜nŽθ f) *higuchi “”Œϋ
g) ensou ‰~‘‹ h) *renben ˜@•Ω
i) fushi ί j) *kaeribana ”½‰Τ
k) kamiku γ‹ζ l) nakaku ’†‹ζ
m) shimoku ‰Ί‹ζ @
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*houju •σŽμ
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*kasa Š}
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*hibukuro ‰Ξ‘ά
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*chuudai ’†‘δ
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*sao ŠΖ
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*kiso Šξ‘b
*kidan Šξ’d
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NOTES
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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