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kiso@b
KEY WORD :@architecture / general terms
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The footing or foundation of a building. A generic term for any substructure that bears the weight of a superstructure. After preparing and leveling the ground, the location of the pillars and walls are marked out. Circular holes are made to receive the footing stones which support the pillars. Trenches are dug for the stone wall foundation. If the soil is weak, a deep hole is dug for the under-pillars. Some foundation stones are extra long large stones called candle stones rousoku-ishi XC, kiso-ishi b or *soseki b and are set vertically in the stone-fitted hole base. Plinth stones *nuno-ishi z and base stones *ne-ishi , are also used if needed. The soil around the foundation stones is then packed to ground level. When plinth stones or base stones are not used, a non-penetrating sill *jifuku nageshi n, is laid directly across the top of the deeply embedded pillar support stone and along the foundation stones of the walls. The foundation includes a bed of smaller stones on which fill-in gravel *hazama-ishi Ԑ is used to fill the interstices between the bedded stones and the non-penetrating sill.
The term kiso is also used for the bases of stone lanterns, ishidourou Γ. See *tourou , *ukeza .
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Ujigami Jinja Haiden F_qa (Kyoto)
a) *nuno-ishi z΁@b) *soseki b΁@
Ujigami Jinja Haiden F_qa (Kyoto)

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