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ne-ishi@
KEY WORD :@architecture / general terms / tea houses
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Lit. root stone.

1@Also soko-ishi (base stone), chizen-ishi nS, dodai-ishi y (foundation stone). A foundation stone placed on the earth or on wooden supports when constructing a dry stone wall *ishigaki Ί_. Ne-ishi are considered the most important stones in the wall. Each ne-ishi is generally a large unworked stone 1.5 or 2 times the size of the stones that are going to rest on top of it.

2@Also called *soseki b, *kutsu-ishi B. Plinth stone. A base stone which is set under a pillar. When used under the pillars of a temple, the stone is called *garan-ishi . When used under posts of a tea house *chashitsu , the stone is called *soban b. Ne-ishi are 20-30cm in diameter and slightly flat on top. Sometimes the underside of a pillar is carved to match the unevenness of the top of the stone. When the height of the pillar is predecided, it is placed on a temporary stand. The base stone is set on the foundation first and then the pillar is erected upon it. Base stones are made of granite or andesite; rock found around the areas at Kibune MD, Kamogawa , Kouya , Kurama Ɣn, and Tsukuba }g are favored.

3@Stones placed as a base under stepping stones in a garden. Smaller stones, called tsume-ishi l, are used to fill in the gaps. Ne-ishi garden stones are the lowest stones set in the ground. Stones placed immediately on top of them are called dou-ishi and the topmost stones are called ten-ishi V.
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