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tankin@γj‹ΰ
CATEGORY:@art history / crafts
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Beating gold. Also called tanzou γj‘’, uchimono ‘Ε•¨, tsuikin ’Θ‹ΰ and kaji ’b–θ. A basic metalwork technique for hammering out a metal lump with a metal or wooden hammer, beating a metal sheet thin from the front and back, or pressing metal to give it form. Used since the Japanese first started to use metals in the Yayoi period, and employed at first for gold, silver and copper, then for bronze, nickel, brass, iron and tin. Tankin techniques are divided into categories of tsuikin, bankin ”Β‹ΰ and oshidashi ‰Ÿo. Tsuikin (hammer relief) is beating sheet metal from the front and back to give three dimensional form or relief patterns. In the Kofun period it was used on long swords and harnesses; it is common on Buddhist altar fittings since the Nara period; in the Muromachi period it is seen on fittings of helmets and armor; and in the Meiji period Yamada Soubi ŽR“c@”ό utilized it for sculpture. Bankin (sheet metal process) is the folding and soldering of metal sheets to create three-dimensional forms such as reliquaries, sutra boxes and hanging lanterns. Oshidashi (extrusion) uses a thin metal sheet on a template and is beaten from the top to transfer the shape; it can be utilized for mass production. In the Nara period, it was used widely for *oshidashibutsu ‰Ÿo•§ (extruded Buddhist image) and the *sentaibutsu η‘Μ•§ (thousand Buddhist images) inside the Tamamushi shrine *Tamamushi no zushi ‹Κ’Ž~Žq in Houryuuji –@—²Ž›. It requires a kanatoko “S° (anvil), *kanazuchi “S’Θ (iron hammer), *kizuchi –Ψ’Ζ (a mallet), ategane “–‹ΰ (dolly), *tagane θS (graver) and yasuri θk (file) to make *butsuzou •§‘œ (Buddhist image), butsugu •§‹ο (altar fittings), dora “Ίθt (gongs), bugu •‹ο (armory), *kouro ˜F (an incense burner), pots, dishes and kettles.
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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