suirinbashira 水輪柱
KEY WORD : architecture / general terms
Suirinbashira are the outer circle of pillars that divide the exterior pillars from the core *moya 母屋 in a large two-storied type pagoda *tahoutou 多宝塔 with a square first story, cylindrical form above and square pyramidal roof *hougyou yane 宝形屋根. If the tahoutou is very large, it is called *daitou 大塔. An example, that has suirinbashira is the Konpon Daitou 根本大塔 (24m square) at Mt. Kouya 高野, Wakayama prefecture. The Buddhist altar *shumidan 須弥壇 is in the center surrounded by four octagonal pillars, surrounding the altar area is a circle of moya pillars that separates the core from the outer aisle formed by the suirinbashira. The suirinbahira corresponds to the pillars on the perimeter of an ordinary tahoutou. A *mokoshi 裳階, a pent-roofed aisle one bay deep surrounds the pagoda. It has square pillars that form five-bays on each side.

a) *shumidan 須弥壇 b) mokoshibashira 裳階柱 c) suirinbashira 水輪柱 d) moyabashira 母屋柱 


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