|KEY WORD : architecture / gardens|
|Lit. master tree. The tree planted on the top, front of a garden hill *tsukiyama 築山 to serve as the central focus of the garden. This design had its genesis in 16c. pond gardens and then evolved into the use of two trees, one leading left and the other right, in 17c gardens. In 18c hill gardens, a single tree (sometimes called *shoushinboku 正真木) became the standard type of shuboku. The second volume of *TSUKIYAMA TEIZOUDEN 築山庭造伝 states that in formal style tsukiyama a pine matsu 松 and oak kashi 樫 may be used, but in semi-formal style gardens a willow yanagi 柳 and cherry sakura 桜 are used. In flat gardens the master tree is called *shugoboku 守護木 (guardian tree).|
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