|KEY WORD : architecture / gardens|
|The older term is *kasan 仮山. Lit. constructed mountain. Referring to an artificial hill in a garden, the term is used to denote a hill garden as opposed to a flat garden, hiraniwa 平庭. Tsukiyama gardens became particularly popular in the early Edo period. The importance of this term can be seen in the title of the garden manual *TSUKIYAMA TEIZOUDEN 築山庭造伝 where it was virtually a synonym for the garden in general.|
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