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TSUKIYAMA TEIZOUDEN@’zŽR’ë‘¢“`
KEY WORD :@architecture / gardens
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Lit. Commentary on Landscape Gardens.

1@A mid-Edo book written by garden designer Kitamura Enkin –k‘º‰‡‹Õ. Printed using woodblock in 1735, the first 2 volumes of this three volume work synthesize several earlier garden manuals including TSUKIYAMA SANSUIDEN ’zŽRŽR…“`, Sansui narabi ni nogata no zu ŽR…›ó–ìŒ`}, SAGARYUU NIWA KOHOU HIDEN NO SHO µ‰ã—¬’ëŒÃ–@”é“`”V‘, and Niwatsubo chikei tori-zu ’ë’Ø’nŒ`Žæ}. Enkin added some original discussion of tea gardens *chaniwa ’ƒ’ë, an indication of the growing popularity of this garden type. Volume three included black-and-white illustrations by Fujii Shigeyoshi “¡ˆädD of famous temple gardens as well as the gardens from the contemporary residences of wealthy merchants and farmers. After the publication of TSUKIYAMA TEIZOUDEN, the types of residential gardens shown there became models for later gardens ushering in the orthodoxy of late Edo garden design.

2@Also called TSUKIYAMA TEIZOUDEN KOUHEN ’zŽR’ë‘¢“`Œã•Ò. In 1828, Akizato Ritou H—¢âߓ‡ published a supplement to TSUKIYAMA TEIZOUDEN (see 1 above) using the same title. Now referred to as part two, Ritou's supplement classified nine types of gardens (including *tsukiyama ’zŽR, hiraniwa •½’ë, and *roji ˜I’n) and further divided them into three style *shin-gyou-sou ^s‘. Ritou, author of the Miyako rinsen meisho-zue “s—ѐò–¼Š}ŠG (Illustrations of Famous Places and Gardens of Kyoto) of 1799, was himself a garden designer and his choice of gardens and comments on them reflect the values of his own design lineage. Ritou's illustrations to part two of TSUKIYAMA TEIZOUDEN formed the basis for the lithographs in J. Conder's Landscape Gardening in Japan of 1893.
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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