|KEY WORD : architecture / general terms|
| 1 A
king post. A generic term for a roof strut, koyazuka 小屋束, that rests
upon a transverse beam *hari
梁, at the center of a building. The king post supports the ridge purlin
*munagi 棟木. The truss
post *udatsu 卯立, of
some of the older thatched vernacular houses *minka
民家, of the Kinki 近畿 district is a type of shinzuka. Also the term
is applicable to the framework of tiled roofs.
2 In traditional temple and shrine architecture, the king posts or center posts placed on the uppermost transverse beams to support the ridge pole. In such buildings, the king post often carries a large bearing block *daito 大斗, or a bracket complex *tokyou 斗きょう, that consists of a large bearing block, a bracket arm *hijiki 肘木, plus small bearing blocks *masu 斗.
|*koyagumi 小屋組 *yane kouzou 屋根構造|
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