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shariden@ŽÉ—˜“a
CATEGORY:@architecture / buildings & structures
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A square reliquary hall, used to enshrine the relics of Buddha, called *shari ŽÉ—˜ (Sk. sarira). Sometimes the reliquary hall contains relics of an honored priestA and mortuary tablets. One such hall at Saihouji ¼–FŽ›, in Kyoto, erected in the early 14c, is thought to be the oldest extant . The Shariden at Engakuji ‰~ŠoŽ› is the best known. It is a square 3~3 bay structure (8.12m square) with an enclosed aisle and a pent roof *mokoshi ÖŠK, surrounding all four sides of the building. The center bays are wider than the others. The roof is hip-and-gable *irimoya-zukuri “ü•ê‰®‘¢, and covered with layers of thinly cut shingles *kokerabuki Š`•˜. The bracket complexes on the upper story are Zen style *zenshuuyou ‘T@—l.
At Houryuuji –@—²Ž› in the east precinct the Shariden is paired with the picture hall, eden ŠG“a. They are connected by a passage that is open on the front and back. The combination of the shariden and eden is only found at Houryuuji.
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Engakuji ‰~ŠoŽ› (Kanagawa)

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REFERENCES:
*medou ”n“¹
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NOTES
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