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shakadou@߉ޓ
KEY WORD :@architecture / buildings & structures
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A hall in which a statue of the historical Buddha *Shaka ߉, born in either the mid-6c or mid-5c. B.C in Kapilavastu, central India, is enshrined. Among the eight well-known shakadou, the largest is 7~7 bays (22.39m ~ 23.72m), and is found at Enryakuji ( 1347; transferred to Enrakuji ca 1595) in Shiga prefecture. The smallest is 3~3 bays (5.74m ) and is found at Shinchoukokuji VJ (Muromachi period) in Gifu prefecture. This building is in a simple wayou style *wayou al, with single eaves *hitonoki ꌬ, boat-shaped brackets *funahijiki MI placed directly on the pillars. The hipped roof is covered with cypress bark *hiwadabuki O畘. The oldest is found at Daihouonji Senbon Shakadou 񉶎{߉ޓ (1227) in Kyoto, 5~5 bays (19.53m ~23.19m). The Zen style *zenshuuyou T@l, is immediately evident in three shakadou with closely packed bracket complexes atop pillars and in the interstices, and the use of rainbow beams and bottle struts *kouryou taiheizuka r, in the gable pediments. These are: Zenpukuin Shakadou P@߉ޓ (1337) in Wakayama prefecture, 5~5 bays (11.69 m). It has an enclosed pent roof skirting *mokoshi ֊K, En'yuuji Shakadou ~Z߉ޓ (Muromachi period / remodeled during Edo period) in Tokyo, 3~4 bays (6.30m ~8.07m); and Ankokuji Shakadou ߉ޓ (1339) in Hiroshima prefecture, 3~3 bays (8.51m ). It has very widely spaced rafters oomabara daruki a, with tail rafters *odaruki , that bear a considerable amount of the weight of the roof structure.
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En'yuuji Shakadou ~Z߉ޓ (Tokyo)

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