setchuuyou 折衷様
KEY WORD : architecture / general terms
Also setchuu kenchiku 折衷建築. Architecture that became strongly influenced in the 14 -15c by two new styles *zenshuuyou 禅宗様 and *daibutsuyou 大仏様, introduced from China at the end of the 12c and during the 13c. These styles were at first rather distinct from one another and from the tradition of the so-called Japanese style *wayou 和様, introduced to Japan from Korea and China along with Buddhism from the mid-6c. However, the three styles had become mixed by the Muromachi period and had spread from Kyoto and Nara along the Inland Sea to Hiroshima, to Yamaguchi prefecture and to the northern regions.
Some new structural methods, especially the freer use of purlins and vertical members, and new arrangements of rafters were introduced. Changes occurred in bracket complexes *tokyou 斗きょう, for example, being inserted directly into pillars instead of being placed on top, or being closely packed even in the interstices between the bracket complexes on top of pillars. Decorative patterns were applied to nosings *kibana 木鼻, to bracket complexes and to tail rafters *odaruki 尾垂木. Examples: Taisanji Hondou 太山寺本堂 (1305) in Ehime prefecture, and Myououin Hondou 明王院本堂 (1321) in Hiroshima prefecture.


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