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renritsu tenshu@˜A—§“VŽç
KEY WORD :@architecture / castles
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Lit. connected towers. Also termed renritsushiki tenshu ˜A—§Ž®“VŽç. An extensive, highly-developed castle complex comprised of a large principal tower and two or more small subsidiary towers. These are linked together by connecting parapets *watariyagura “n˜E, enclosing an inner courtyard. The entrance is built into one of the watariyagura so any intruder had to first enter the inner courtyard to reach any of the *tenshu “VŽç, providing the castle with extra defensive protection. As at Himejijou •P˜Hé (1609, Hyougo prefecture) the kitchen might be located in the inner courtyard, where it was protected from attack. The outward-facing walls of the complex were elaborately constructed with Chinese style gables *karahafu “‚”j•— and ogival windows *katoumado ‰Î“”‘‹, as well as defensive features like gun ports *teppou sama “S–CpŠÔ, and stone-drops *ishiotoshi Î—Ž. The inner walls facing the courtyard were fitted with many windows, and had no defensive gun ports.
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