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katoumado@‰Ξ“”‘‹
CATEGORY:@architecture / general terms
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Also written ‰Τ“ͺ‘‹. A synonym for genjimado ŒΉŽ‘‹. The name is derived from the window in the room called Genji-no-ma ŒΉŽ‚ΜŠΤ at Ishiyamadera Hondou ΞŽRŽ›–{“°, Shiga prefecture. A window with a special curvilinear top part called *katou kyokusen ‰Ξ“”‹Θό or simply *katou ‰Ξ“”. The window has an ogee-type pointed top with a series of S-like curves on either side of the peak. It dates from end of the Muromachi period to the Momoyama period. A katoumado is mainly associated with Zen style *zenshuuyou ‘T@—l temple buildings. The oldest extant example of this window can be found in the Engakuji *Shariden ‰~ŠoŽ›ŽΙ—˜“a in Kanagawa prefecture. It is thought to reflect the Chinese style perfectly. From the latter quarter of the 16c onward, the use of katoumado appears in temple and shrine buildings, castles and dwellings. Katoumado are seldom seen in the rustic type of tea ceremony houses. From the early 17c onward, ogee and S-like curves became higher and deeper. The vertical frames were widened and sometimes flared toward the base. Some were embellished with metal ornamentation. Over time, the frame became almost circular. Example: Nishihonganji Shoin Taimenjo Ό–{ŠθŽ›‘‰@‘ΖʏŠ (ca 1624) Kyoto. The tendency to develop new shapes resulted in the warabikatou ˜n‰Ξ“” where the top of the frame on each side curves so that the ends meet in the center resembling the shapes of curled bracken sprouts. This can be seen at Daitokuji Kohouan ‘ε“ΏŽ›ŒΗβɈΑ (late 18c) Kyoto.
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Kenchouji Butsuden Œš’·Ž›•§“a (Kanagawa)
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NOTES
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