ochimune-zukuri 落棟造
KEY WORD : architecture / folk dwellings
A design incorporating a projection from a major building with a roof ridge *mune 棟, lower than that of the building to which it is appended. Widely found in Edo period vernacular structure *minka 民家. The location of the projecting element or wing (called ochimune 落棟, or sometimes ochiyane 落屋根) may vary: for instance, in Tondabayashi 富田林, Osaka, the ochimune was a projection to the rear of the omoya 主屋 at the *shimote 下手 end of the house, constituting an extension of the earthfloored curea *doma 土間, and was used as a kitchen *daidokoro 台所. Often an ochimune was appended to the gable end of the main structure, and where it was found at the *kamite 上手 end of the building it usually accommodated a reception suite with shoin style *shoin-zukuri 書院造 elements. In the case of town houses *machiya 町家 with a kamite ochimune 上手落棟, the ochimune was often shallower in cross section than the omoya, generating a small court or garden between it and the street. This combination of tsuboniwa 坪庭 and ochimune was a common feature of large machiya with developed reception suites, and of Edo period inns *honjin 本陣.


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