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Kurikara@‹ä—˜‰Þ—…
CATEGORY:@art history / iconography
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Also known as Kurika ‹é—¢‰Þ, a transliteration of Sanskrit 'Kulika', the name of a dragon-king (see *ryuu —´) mentioned in Indian legends. In this connection he is also known as Kurikara Ryuu ‹ä—˜‰Þ—…—´ ("Dragon Kurikara"), sometimes with the addition of ou ‰¤, to read "Dragon king Kurikara". Kurikara could also be an abbreviated transliteration of Kulika raja ("King Kulika"), or of Kulika-nagaraja ("Dragon king Kulika"). In Esoteric Buddhism he is regarded as a manifestation of *Fudou Myouou •s“®–¾‰¤ and is also known as Kurikara Fudou ‹ä—˜‰Þ—…•s“® or Kurikara Myouou ‹ä—˜‰Þ—…–¾‰¤. He assumes the form of a flame-wreathed snake or dragon coiled around an upright sword, with his open mouth about to swallow the tip of the weapon, which is called the "Kurikara sword" (kurikara-ken ‹ä—˜‰Þ—…Œ•). According to the KURIKARA RYUU DARANIKYOU ‹ä—˜‰Þ—…—´‰¤‘É—…“òŒo, this manifestation of Fudou had its origins in a contest between Fudou and a non-Buddhist heretic in the course of which Fudou transformed himself first into a sword and then into the dragon Kurikara and theatened to devour the sword into which the heretic had changed himself. Alternatively the dragon and sword are sometimes said to represent the noose and sword held by FudE and images of Kurikara may be used as a substitute for Fudou as for example on the lid of a lacquered sutura box from the Heian period belonging to Taimadera “––ƒŽ› (Nara prefecture), where he is flanked by Fudou's two attendants *Kongara Douji áà㹗…“¶Žq and *Seitaka Douji §‚½‰Þ“¶Žq . Early statuary representations are rare: that kept at Ryuukouin —´Œõ‰@ (Mt. Kouya ‚–ì, Wakayama prefecture) inside a small shrine (*zushi ~Žq) is thought to date from the Kamakura period, although temple tradition holds that the sword (42.2cm) was brought back to Japan by *Kuukai ‹óŠC (774-835). The largest completely wooden image (183.2cm), dating from the late Heian period (11c-12c), is kept at Kotakeji ¬•Ž›, Ooita prefecture. The "Kurikara pattern" (kurikara-monmon ‹ä—˜‰Þ—…–äX) is also a popular motif in tattoos (irezumi “ü–n).
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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