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koushimado@ŠiŽq‘‹
KEY WORD :@architecture / general terms
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A latticed window. One type resembles *renjimado ˜AŽq‘‹. The laths are narrower but thicker than those of renjimado and the space in between the lath is wider. The laths are set in a grid pattern tateyoko goushi ’G‰¡ŠiŽq. If the vertical lath is inserted into the sill *shikii •~‹ and the head jamb *kamoi Š›‹, it is called toritsuke goushi Žæ•tŠiŽq. The lattice nailed to the exterior side of the lath is referred to as uchitsuke goushi ‘Å•tŠiŽq. If grooves cut into a still and the vertical lath fitted into it, the lattice is called kumigoushi ‘gŠiŽq. When the lattice is plastered all over, it is called nurigome goushi “hâĊiŽq or *mushiko goushi ’ŽâĊiŽq and found in castle architecture and shops *machiya ’¬‰Æ. Lattice windows used in feudal housing are called *mushamado •ŽÒ‘‹ and lattice windows used in vernacular housing are called *mushikomado ’Žâđ‹. Latticework in windows is thought to have been used since at least the 15-16c in vernacular houses *minka –¯‰Æ and shops facing the street for deterring thieves and preventing the interior of the house from being seen. From the end of the 16c to 19c it was widely employed. In tea architecture bamboo lath is chiefly used.
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NOTES
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