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kiri-ishibashi@ؐ΋
KEY WORD :@architecture / gardens
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Lit. cut stone bridge. A type of stone bridge *ishibashi ΋, in which the stone is cut with a chisel into rectangular shapes and sanded to a smooth texture. Usually cut to produce a gentle curve, the resulting plank-like stone is used to bridge water or a dry stream *karenagare ͗, in a dry landscape garden *karesansui ͎R. The granite from Awa *awa-ishi g, Iyo iyo-ishi ɗ\, and the Kii peninsular *kishuu-ishi IB, was highly prized for its good color. In some cases only one side of the stone was cut while the remainder was left in its natural state. While many kiriishibashi tended to be rather small, in Momoyama and early Edo period gardens such as those at Honganji {莛 and Katsura Rikyuu j{ in Kyoto, Shiga-in @ in Shiga prefecture, and the Senshuukaku Ht in Tokushima prefecture, the cut-stone bridges were of massive proportions, often more than 2 meters long and more than 20 cm thick. The size of these stones were related to the huge stone slabs quarried for building castle walls.
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