|KEY WORD : art history / paintings|
gold ground. Generally refers to the gold background of a painting, regardless
of whether the gold is applied as leaf *haku
箔 or paint *dei 泥.
However, some scholars make a distinction and limit the use of this term
to backgrounds of gold foil only. The gold background may represent actual
ground or clouds, but may also suggest empty space. Since around 15-16c, gold ground came to be used along with bright pigments
*dami-e 濃絵 on screens
and sliding door panels *kinpeki
shouhekiga 金碧障壁画. During the 16-17c,
the inter-play of gold ground and gold clouds kin-un 金雲 became
a prominent compositional convention. *Kanouha
狩野派 artists in particular, designed complex and innovative compositions.
Later, in the 17c, Tawaraya Soutatsu 俵屋宗達 (?-1640?) and other early *Rinpa
琳派 artists developed a new decorative style using kinji.
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