kayamon 茅門
KEY WORD : architecture / gates
Also kayabukimon 茅葺門. Lit. a thatched roof gate.

1 A relatively small- scale thatched gate used as an entrance to the garden *roji 露地 of a tea ceremony house *chashitsu 茶室. It also may be placed between the inner garden*uchiroji 内露地, and outer garden *sotoroji 外露地. Two pillars set directly into the ground are held in place by a crossbar or lintel *kabuki 冠木, the ends of which are inserted into the pillars. The pillars are finished with an adze *chouna 釿. These members support a framework that is then thatched. Often double-leafed doors are hung on the pillars. The roof styles, although not uniform, are gable *tsuma 妻, hipped roof *yosemune yane 寄棟屋根, or hip-and-gable roof *irimoya yane 入母屋屋根.

2 A thatched gate found at a temple. Two circular pillars support the ridgepole *munagi 棟木. The ends of a penetrating tie beam *nuki 貫, are inserted into the pillars. Cross beams placed on top of the pillars support the purlins *keta 桁. This forms the simplest type of frame over which thatch is laid. On large gates, there are extra supporting pillars to add strength to the framework of the gate. When so strengthened, doors with vertical mullions can be hung.


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