|KEY WORD : architecture / roofing tiles|
material made of fired clay tiles, first introduced with the advent of Buddhism
from the Paekche Kingdom (Jp:*Kudara 百済) in Korea in the 6c. At first tile roofing was used only on temple and
government buildings. From the 14c onward, the use of tile roofing extended
to some styles of shrine buildings, palaces and castles. In the Edo period, especially in Edo (Tokyo), the advantage of tiles compared
to other highly flammable types of roofing, like thatch *kayabuki 茅葺, cypress bark *hiwadabuki 桧皮葺 or *kokerabuki 柿葺, was fully recognized. Furthermore, tile roofing could be expected to
last at least 75 years with only minor repairs, in contrast to other forms
of roofing material that needed replacement after 20 or 30 years. For other
types of roofing material: warabuki 藁葺; *itabuki 板葺; dougawarabuki 銅瓦葺.
|*kawara 瓦, *kawarabuki 瓦葺, *hongawarabuki 本瓦葺, *sangawarabuki 桟瓦葺, *gyougibuki gawara 行基葺瓦, *hougyou yane 宝形屋根|
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