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kawarabuki@Š¢•˜
KEY WORD :@architecture / roofing tiles
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Also kawarabuki yane Š¢•˜‰®ª, kawarayane Š¢‰®ª. Tile roofing. A roof covered with fired clay tiles usually colored medium to dark grey. Excavations at Heiou •½é palace site in Nara, unearthed some tiles with a green glaze *ryokuyuugawara —Îç֊¢. At the Heian •½ˆÀ palace site in Kyoto, both green glazed tiles and others with yellow, green and brown *sansaiyuu gawara ŽOÊç֊¢ were found. Many shapes of tiles are needed to cover a single roof. The variety used is related to the type and complexity of the roof. The different types of roofs that are covered with tile include: a simple gable roof *kirizuma yane ØÈ‰®ª, a hipped roof *yosemune yane Šñ“‰®ª, a hip-and-gable roof *irimoya yane “ü•ê‰®‰®ª, and a pyramidal roof *hougyou yane •óŒ`‰®ª. The most basic tiles are the broad, concave tiles *hiragawara •½Š¢ which are laid first. Semi-cylindrical convex tiles *marugawara ŠÛŠ¢ are cover tiles and are laid over the seams where the hiragawara join. Along the eave-ends, pendants *gatou Š¢“–, usually decorated, are attached to the tiles so that they hang down. The pendants are very slightly slanted so that rain will flow off gently. Many special kinds of tiles must be manufactured for particular parts of the roof. The various parts of the roof include: the ridge *munagi “–Ø, the gable *tsuma È and the drooping verge *minokou –¥b. The slope and sag of the roof is exceedingly important with relation to the tile covering.
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REFERENCES:
*kawara Š¢, *hongawarabuki –{Š¢•˜, *sangawarabuki ŽVŠ¢•˜
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NOTES
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