|KEY WORD : architecture / tea houses|
sword rack stone. The trump stone *yaku-ishi
役石 set in front of the sword rack *katanakake
刀掛 at the entrance of a tea ceremony room *chashitsu
茶室. The stone allowed warriors to put their swords into the sword rack more easily.
In the early Edo period the sword rack was hung about 160 cm above the ground
and the height of the stone was more than 15cm. However, when the sword rack was
lowered in the mid 18c, the height of the stone was also lowered. Because exceedingly
low stones were considered unbecoming, visually compelling double-tiered stones
nidan-ishi 二段石 were often used for the katanakake-ishi. The sword
rack stone is usually placed at the side of the guest entrance to the chashitsu,
but when there is a large space between the *fumi-ishi
踏石 and the entrance, one or two stepping stones *tobi-ishi
飛石 are used to connect the two.
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