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kaidan-in@d@
KEY WORD :@architecture / buildings & structures
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A Tendai V sect building that contains an ordination platform used exclusively for the ceremony to impart the Buddhist precepts upon priests and nuns. At the ceremony, called jukai , the initiates vow to accept and follow the precepts of Buddhism. The Chinese priest Jianzhen (Jp; Ganjin Ӑ^, 688-763), who reached Japan in the mid-8c is said to have ordered an ordination platform to be erected in front of Toudaiji 厛 (Nara), in April 754, for the precepts of Emperor Shoumu . In May 754, it was relocated west of the Daibutsuden 啧a where a building had been erected for the platform. This is considered the first in Japan. The building was often destroyed and rebuilt. Finally, in 1731 at Reiunji _ in Tokyo, it was rebuilt in its original form. Another kaidan-in was built in 1678 as the center of the Tendai sect. It is called the Enryakuji Daijou Kaidan-in dou d@ and is located in Shiga prefecture. It is a 5~5 bay square, single-storied structure. The kaidan is 3~3 bays and a 1-bay wide aisle surrounds it. This aisle is called a *mokoshi ֊K and has a pent roof. The kaidan-in has a coffered ceiling, and the roof over it is pyramidal *hougyou-zukuri `, with an undulating bargeboard *karahafu j. Roofing is *tochibuki z, that is, wood roofing 1cm to 3cm thick and 9 cm to 15cm wide. The kaidan-in or daijou kaidan-in correspond to the Kanjoudou of the Shingon ^ sect.
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Toudaiji Kaidan-in 厛d@ (Nara)
Toudaiji Kaidan-in 厛d@ (Nara)

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