@
ise torii@ˆÉš’¹‹
CATEGORY:@architecture / shrines
@
Gateways *torii ’¹‹, specific to Ise Jinguu ˆÉš_‹{, of which there are two types. Both are called ise torii and both are related to *shinmei torii _–Ÿ’¹‹ but have certain characteristics which set them apart. The ise torii are to be found in the two sanctuaries, Naikuu “à‹{ (the Inner Shrine) and Gekuu ŠO‹{ (the Outer Shrine). With the exception of the four torii attached to the four outermost concentric fences which surround the inner sanctuaries of the Naikuu and Gekuu, all the other torii are of the same style. The torii at either end of the Uji ‰FŽ¡ Bridge at the Naikuu exemplify the style closest to the shinmei torii. However, the circular pillars have a noticeable inward incline *uchikorobi “à“]. The rectangular tie beam *nuki ŠÑ, is secured by wedges *kusabi ž¶, inserted on the inner faces of the pillars. As with the shinmei torii tie beams, the Uji Bridge tie beams do not extend beyond the outer faces of the pillars. The top lintel *kasagi Š}–Ø, is a heavy beam, but unlike the shinmei torii top lintel, all the ise torii are pentagonal in section. The upper surface of each end of the torii has a very slight and almost in perceptible thickening at the ends giving the impression of a curve and an inward slanting cut on each end *tasukizumi æF–n. Torii of this type also include the First and Second torii; Ichi-no-torii ˆê‚Ì’¹‹, Ni-no-torii “ñ‚Ì’¹‹, at both Naikuu and Gekuu, and the middle torii, called Nakanoe-no-torii ’†d’¹‹. This is the pillar between the second and third fences within the sacred precinct at both the Naikuu and Gekuu. None of these three torii existed before the 14c. The second type of ise torii can be seen on the south side of the outermost fence, itagaki ”Š_, which is itself attached to the exterior of each circular pillar. The pillars have a slight inward incline. The tie beam, secured by wedges, is exactly the same as the above described torii. However, these pillars have both secondary and top lintels *shimaki “‡–Ø and kasagi. The secondary lintel is a flat, broad, straight, heavy, rectangular beam, that is greater in width than the diameter of the pillars. The rectangular top lintel is set up on its narrow face and extends beyond the end of the secondary lintel. The undersides are straight, but there is an almost imperceptible thickening from bottom to top on each end of the top lintel which creates the same very slight upward curve seen on all ise torii. The top lintel is pentagonal in section. All the torii are made of wood and are replaced every twenty years, as are all the buildings of the inner precincts of both the Naikuu and Gekuu, as well as several other buildings not within the most sacred areas.
@
@
@

Ise Jinguu Naikuu ˆÉš_‹{“à‹{ (Mie)
@
@ a) *kasagi Š}–Ø b) *kusabi ž¶
@ c)  *nuki ŠÑ e) *hashira ’Œ
@    

@

@
REFERENCES:
*mizugaki Š_
EXTERNAL LINKS: 
@@
NOTES
@

(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
ŒfÚ‚̃eƒLƒXƒgEŽÊ^EƒCƒ‰ƒXƒg‚ȂǁA‘S‚ẴRƒ“ƒeƒ“ƒc‚Ì–³’f•¡»E“]Ú‚ð‹Ö‚¶‚Ü‚·B
@