|KEY WORD : art history / paintings|
covers of a bound book *sasshibon
冊子本, or an accordion book *orihon
折本, or the outer-end section of a handscroll *kansubon
巻子本, used to protect and decorate. Hyoushi on Japanese books are
made of plain, often colored, or patterned (woodblock-printed, stencil-dyed,
etc.) paper, or fabric, often of silk, cotton or damask. In general, hyoushi
have a title strip *daisen
題簽 on the front. The backside *mikaeshi
見返 is often embellished with various forms of gold and silver ornamentation.
In the case of a handscroll, the cover is usually made of fabric and its
outer edge is folded to make a flap into which a thin strip of bamboo or
metal *hassou 発装 can be
inserted. A fabric strand or cord is attached to the center of the hassou
to secure the scroll when rolled.
The decoration of handscroll hyoushi became highly developed during the Heian period, particularly in Buddhist scriptures soushokukyou 装飾経. Hyoushi on albums of painting *gajou 画帖, especially of traditional stories, were often also exquisitely decorated after the Muromachi period. During the Edo period, illustrated popular stories *kusazoushi 草双紙 were classified according to the color of the cover, including *akahon 赤本 (red-books), *kurohon 黒本 (black-books), *aohon 青本 (blue-books) and *kibyoushi 黄表紙 (yellow-books).
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