kibyoushi 黄表紙
KEY WORD : art history / paintings
A type of illustrated popular fiction *kusazoushi 草双紙. Lit. yellow covers. Popular fiction for adults which first appeared in the 1770s and remained popular until the first decades of the 19c. Each booklet was made up of five double pages and several booklets were bound as a single volume with a bright yellow cover. Episodes drawn from contemporary social life, particularly the pleasure quarters, were described with wit, often satirically. Illustrations were included on every page and were crucial to the understanding of the text. Popular writers such as Koikawa Harumachi 恋川春町 (1744-89) and Santou Kyouden 山東京伝 (1761-1816) sometimes illustrated their own novels. Other prominent kibyoushi illustrators included artists such as Kitao Shigemasa 北尾重政 (1739-1820), Kitao Masami 北尾政美 (1764-1824), and Torii Kiyonaga 鳥居清長 (1752-1815). With stricter controls placed on publishing by the Shogun during the Kansei 寛政 Reforms which began in 1787, kibyoushi authors were restricted to less controversial subject matter; eventually the genre of kibyoushi gave way to *goukan 合巻, serial romances dealing mostly with historical themes.


(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System. No reproduction or republication without written permission.