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housho@•ò‘
CATEGORY:@art history / paintings
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An abbreviation of houshogami •ò‘Ž†, housho paper. A type of *washi ˜aŽ† (Japanese paper). A thick, smooth, white paper made from the fiber of the mulberry tree, or kouzo ž¸ (see *choshi ž¸Ž†). The finest quality paper is of pure kouzo but most papers sold today as housho contains some wood pulp. Housho is thought to date back to the Kamakura period and the term originally meant a form of governmental decree. Instead of giving orders directly, a shougun «ŒR or person of high office would give his commands in written form without signing his name. Gradually housho came to mean the type of paper on which the orders were written.
In the Edo period housho was used for most documents as well as calligraphy, and from late Edo onwards for *ukiyo-e •‚¢ŠG woodblock prints. As it was used by all the feudal clans, production was widespread, but of all production areas Echizen ‰z‘O (modern Fukui prefecture) produced the highest quality paper called echizen housho ‰z‘O•ò‘, which was thick, white and supple (often called *masa –). Housho was used for special full-color prints *nishiki-e ‹ÑŠG including many of the exquisite *surimono  •¨, individually produced Edo period works. Easily burnished, housho readily picked up gauffrage or crimping. Housho is produced in various sizes, of which the most important are *oobousho ‘å•ò‘ (large housho), chuubousho ’†•ò‘ (medium housho), *kobousho ¬•ò‘ (small housho) and takenaga-bousho ä’·•ò‘ (long housho). The size of paper is suitable in format size *hangata ”»Œ^ for ukiyo-e prints . When halved lengthways housho is also used for paper scrolls makigami ŠªŽ†. Today housho is still produced in Fukui prefecture and is used for formal documents and for printmaking.
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REFERENCES:
*echizengami ‰z‘OŽ†.
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NOTES
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