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hangata@^
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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The standard size of *ukiyo-e G prints. Print sizes are given in the traditional measures based on the number of pieces of paper cut from the old standard sheet sizes. Although because the standard varied somewhat, this can be a handy way of referring to prints. The change in the size of hangata generally corresponds with the development of ukiyo-e. The first, typical standard size of ukiyo-e prints in the 1680's sumizuri-e nG was called the yoko-ooban 唻 (wide, large format; see *ooban 唻) which was as big as two pages of an open book. When ukiyo-e was established as a single print *ichimai-e ꖇG around 1700, the standard size became bigger and was called *ooooban X (extra-large format), which was made by adding a small strip to a full sheet of *minogami Z, and in this way many examples of dynamic *tan-e OG prints were produced. For the more gentle *beni-e gG, *urushi-e G and *benizuri-e gG prints popular from the 1710s to 1740s, a smaller format called *hosoban ה (narrow format), one-third vertically cut sheet of a minogami sheet was preferred. Another popular format in the same period was the extremely long *hashira-e G format (pillar painting), that was hung on a pillar, and was made of 1/2 to 1/4 horizontally cut sheet of a *takenaga bousho 䒷 sheet. The first standard-size paper used for full-color woodblock prints *nishiki-e ъG, said to have been created in 1764, was the *chuuban (medium format), a quarter sheet of a piece *oobousho paper. The standard size for nishiki-e after 1780 was the ooban ( large format, also called oonishiki ), a vertically cut, half sheet of oobousho. The *aiban Ԕ (intermediate format, also called ai-nishiki ԋ), was a vertically cut half piece of *kobousho and was also frequently used for nishiki-e. In addition, the *shikishiban F (poem-card format, also called kakuban p), 1/6 sheet of an oobousho sheet, and the *chouban (long format, also called naga-e G), a horizontally cut half sheet of an oobousho, were used for *surimono .
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