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beni-e@gG
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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A black-line hand-colored woodblock print *ukiyo-e G that began to be produced after tan-e OG, although of similar technique. *Beni g (a tawny yellow dye extracted from petals of safflowers) was applied to a black print, sumizuri-e nG, with the brush instead of *tan O, which has is a less delicate pigment. It is said that this method was originated by a printmaker, Izumiya Gonshirou 򉮌lY, at the beginning of the Kyouhou era (1716-36). It once was grouped with *benizuri-e gG an early form of colored print, but these are now considered separately. Among others, Okumura Masanobu M (1686-1764), Nishimura Shigenaga d (1693?-1753), and Ishikawa Toyonobu ΐLM (1711-85) used this method. The coloring was sometimes used in tandem with lacquered black outline prints *urushi-e G, in the Kyouhou era. The word beni-e was first used at that time and the technique is seen in pictures by Okumura Masanobu and Nishimura Shigenaga. Color prints using beni are found mostly in the Kyouhou to Houreki eras (1716-64) and are the main technique apart from urushi-e. Few such works survive from later times. Although beni-e precede urushi-e, they are technically very similar and the distinction is sometimes obscure. Today these two are generally distinguished by the use of lustered China ink *sumi n, painted with a brush.
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