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Hiunkaku@_t
CATEGORY:@architecture / buildings & structures
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Lit. a flying cloud tower. Unique, three-storied timber building, roukaku Ot, built in asymmetrical design and located on the grounds of Nishihonganji {莛 in Kyoto. Traditionally, it was believed to have belonged to Jurakudai ڊy (built between 1584-86) for pleasure and entertainment, according to the wishes of Toyotomi Hideyoshi LbGg (1536-98), and transferred to Nishihonganji (c.1619). However, at present, many scholars think it more probable that Hiunkaku was built at about the same time the garden, Tekisuien H, between 1624-44. It is situated in the southeast corner of the temple precinct and faces a pond called Sourouike Qr (blue wave pond). A boat can carry visitors across the pond and anchor beneath the first story of the building. Steps are provided to climb up to the first floor. There is an undulating gable roof over the boat entrance and the water can be seen from the open translucent sliding screens *shouji q. Another access to the Hiunkaku is over a long stone slab bridge. Its length on the north & south sides of the bridge is 25.8m, the east side is 11.8m and the west, 12.5m. The first story interior is in the shoin style *shoin-zukuri @, with the study facing the pond. The study has two levels of floor space, of which the higher level has three mats. The study is called the Shoukenden a (invitation to wisdom hall) and has 7 1/2 mats with 2 1/2 mats in the alcove. Next to the study is the Hakkei-no-ma i̊ (a room of eight scenes), a veranda, and a tea ceremony room called Ikujaku (recalling old times). The second story has a Kasen-no-ma ̐̊ (room of great poets), named after The Thirty-six Immortal Poets Sanjuurokkasen O\Z̐ painted on the wooden doors and walls. It also has a raised and lower level floor. There is a lightly railed veranda around the second story. The third story, excluding a stair landing, is only eight mats in size. *Katoumado Γ (ogee shaped windows) are on the north and east sides. Shouji with diamond-shaped latticework are covered with translucent paper. The paneled ceiling has paper pasted and gold leaf pressed on it. All the building's roofs are shingled *kokerabuki `. The first story roof has an undulating gable *karahafu j, on one side, and on the opposite, northwest side, a hip-and-gable arrangement *irimoya-zukuri ꉮ. The second story has a convex hip-and-gable roof with undulating bargeboards on three sides. The third story has a pyramidal roof *hougyou-zukuri `.
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*Oukakudai ߑ
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