hirasanjou 平三畳
KEY WORD : architecture / tea houses
Also hirasanjou-no-seki 平三畳席. A three-mat tea ceremony room *chashitsu 茶室 with the crawl-in entrance *nijiriguchi 躙口, on the long side of the room floor plan hirairi 平入. In some hirasanjou the alcove is opposite the entrance, but others are entered beside alcove. The ONKOSHUU 温故集 of 1748 states that "A tea ceremony room that is entered from the narrow end is called a *fukasanjou 深三畳", and one that is entered from long side is called a hirasanjou. The CHADOU MOCHIZUKISHUU 茶道望月集 (1724) states that the tea ceremony room at Myoukian 妙喜庵, in Kyoto, is of the hirasanjou type. During the Momoyama period, three-mat or 3 1/2-mat tea ceremony rooms of both styles were very popular. According to an entry in the SOUTAN NIKKI 宗湛日記 (dated December 5, 1586), Kamiya Soutan 神谷宗湛 (1551-1635) and Souden 宗伝 held a night-time tea ceremony at Jakuan じゃく庵, in a hirasanjou tea ceremony room that had a firebox. The firebox in hirasanjou, is either placed on the far side of the entrance or on the near side. However, the firebox was usually placed on the near side of the tea ceremony room because it allowed more space for the tea masters to display their valuable utensils. The term hirasanjou is now obsolete. Example: Shukouan 珠光庵 at Shoumyouji 称名寺, Nara.

a) *toko 床 b) *ro 炉  c) *sadouguchi 茶道口 d) *nijiriguchi 躙口


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