hata-ita 鰭板
KEY WORD : architecture / general terms
Also read hire-ita but this reading is considered to be incorrect according to the KAOKUZAKKOOU 家屋雑考 (A Miscellany of Building) 1842. Wainscoting used on the lower part of *wakishouji 脇障子, board screens used at the back ends of side verandas or hanjitomi 半蔀 the lower removable half of hinged doors called *shitomido 蔀戸, a panel board *hame-ita 羽目板, or a board fence *itabei 板塀. It also refers to the ends of boundary walls and peripheral aisles *hisashi 廂 for example, pent roofs over windows, or the edging boards found on those structures. According to the SHOUSOUIN MONJO 正倉院文書, a finishing board used on walls, fences and pent roofs in the Nara period were 210cm long, 4.5cm thick and 54cm wide. In the Heian and Kamakura periods, it referred to one of the wooden fences used to screen off an area within the premises of a domicile, according to the SHASEKISHUU 沙石集. In the KIYUUSHOURAN 嬉遊笑覧, it states that hata-ita was a fence made with pillars sunk into the ground between which vertical planks were set. Horizontal hata-ita were used as ties. This type of fence appeared in the mansions of noblemen and warriors.


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