hamayuka 浜床
KEY WORD : architecture / general terms
Also called *choudai 帳台 in the Heian period.

1 A low podium with a height 2.5 times the diameter of a pillar placed below the step-canopy *kouhai 向拝, in front of the main worship hall *honden 本殿 at Shinto shrines. It is found in the area where the chief priest waits for the emperor or a high ranking person. The podium is constructed of heavy wooden planks with the cut ends exposed and the corners are usually mitered. The corner joints extend diagonally outward beyond the edges of the mitered floor planks. There are some variations in the pattern of laying the floor planks. For example, some boards extend outward at right angle to the steps while the boards along the sides are laid in the same direction as the steps. Others have planks extending forward at right angle to the steps and shorter planks are set along the sides in the same direction as the steps. In this case the corners are not mitered. Still others have long planks running parallel to the front and each side, and mitered corners. This lower step-like veranda is called hama'en 浜縁. Its sides are left open. Hamayuka can be identified by their enclosed fronts and sides giving them something of a boxed-in appearance. Examples: the kasuga style *kasuga-zukuri 春日造, Houraisan Jinja Honden 宝来山神社本殿 (1614) in Wakayama prefecture. The nagare style *nagare-zukuri 流造, Mikata Jinja Honden 御形神社本殿 (1527) in Hyougo prefecture. See *hankouran 半高欄.

Nogami Hachimanguu Sessha Hirano Imagi Jinja Honden 野上八幡宮摂社平野今木神社本殿 (Wakayama)
Nogami Hachimanguu Sessha Hirano Imagi Jinja Honden
野上八幡宮摂社平野今木神社本殿 (Wakayama)

2 A wooden stand used under a curtained enclosure in *shinden-zukuri 寝殿造 shrines. It is about 270cm square and about 30 to 60 cm high. A straw mat with a brocaded binding ungen-nishiki 繧繝錦, is placed on top. This hamayuka was thought to have been used as a bed or a place for lounging and the name derived from the shape of a sand bar suhama 州浜. See *choudai 帳台

3 In the eastern part of Yatsushiro 八代 County in Yamanashi prefecture, the word endai 縁台 is used instead of hamayuka. It is a place where people sit to enjoy the cool evening breezes. In Iishi 飯石 County in Shimane prefecture, the words hamayuka or *shikidai 式台 are used for a narrow wooden floor provided between the earthen floor *doma 土間, and next floored room.


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