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hachidai douji @”ª‘哶Žq
KEY WORD :@art history / iconography
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Lit. eight great youths. Eight attendants of either *Monju •¶Žê or more commonly *Fudou Myouou •s“®–¾‰¤. Fudou hachidai douji •s“®”ª‘哶Žq (the eight attendants of Fudou) are described in the HACHIDAI DOUJI HIYOU HOUBON ”ª‘哶Žq”é—v–@•i, and their names are as follows: Ekou douji ŒdŒõ“¶Žq, Eki douji ŒdŠì“¶Žq, Anokudatsu/Anokuta douji ˆ¢ãӒB“¶Žq, Shitoku douji Žw“¿“¶Žq, Ukubaga douji ‰G‹ä”k‰Þ“¶Žq, Shoujou biku ´ò”ä‹u, *Kongara douji áà㹗…“¶Žq, and *Seitaka douji §‚½‰Þ“¶Žq. In artistic representations Fudou is generally shown either alone or flanked by Kongara and Seitaka to create the Fudou triad fudou sanzon •s“®ŽO‘¸. There are few examples of him accompanied by all eight of these attendants. A fine set of wooden figures, six of which are attributed to Unkei ‰^Œc (?-1223), is preserved at Kongoubuji ‹à„•õŽ› (Mt. Kouya ‚–ì, Wakayama prefecture). Another set, carved by Kouen N‰~ in 1272, is housed at Kannonji ŠÏ‰¹Ž› in Tokyo. Noteworthy examples of polychrome paintings of Fudou accompanied by these eight attendants include those kept by the Agency for Cultural Affairs (originally from Mt. Kouya; 13c) and at Choufukuji ’·•ŸŽ› (Okayama prefecture; 14c). Monju hachidai douji •¶Žê”ª‘哶Žq (the eight attendants of Monju) are mentioned in several texts, and they appear in the Monju-in •¶Žê‰@ of the *Taizoukai mandara ‘Ù‘ ŠE™Ö䶗…. Their names are as follows: Koumou Œõ–Ô (Sk: Jaliniplabha), Houkan •óŠ¥ (Sk: Ratnamukuta), Mukukou CŒõ( Sk: Vimalaprabha), Keishini 韐ݓò (Sk: Kesini), Ubakeishini ‰G”g韐ݓò (Sk: Upakesini), Shittara Ž¿‘½—… (Sk: Citra), Jie ’nŒd (Sk: Vasumati), and Choushou ¢¿ (Sk: Akarsani). The last five are female and are collectively known as Monju goshisha •¶ŽêŒÜŽgŽÒ (the five messengers of Monju). In some texts Fushigie •sŽv‹cŒd (Sk: Acintyamati) and Kugoe ‹~ŒìŒd (Sk: Paritranasayamati) are substituted for Houkan and Shittara respectively.
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EXTERNAL LINKS: 
hachidai douji ”ª‘哶Žq at Kouyasan Reihoukan ‚–ìŽR—ì•óŠÙ
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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