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chisen shuuyuushiki teien@ ’ròM—VŽ®’뉀
KEY WORD :@architecture / gardens
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Lit. boating pond style. A type of pond-stroll garden *chisen kaiyuushiki teien ’rò‰ñ—VŽ®’뉀 in which the pond is large enough for pleasure boats. Common in Chinese imperial residences from at least the Zhou dynasty, the earliest Japanese Nara period gardens probably included large ponds intended for Chinese style pleasure barges. In the Heian period a number of aristocratic retreats featured chisen shuuyuushiki gardens: the gardens at Shinsen'en _ò‰‘; Emperor Saga's µ‰ã villa at Oosawa-no-ike ‘å‘ò’r (now Daikakuji ‘åŠoŽ›); and the Kawara-no-in ‰ÍŒ´‰@ all included ponds for boating. In addition the ponds of larger shinden style gardens *shinden-zukuri teien Q“a‘¢’뉀 were used for boating parties. 17c imperial villas, such as Katsura Rikyuu Œj—£‹{ and Shugakuin Rikyuu CŠw‰@—£‹{, as well as many large daimyou gardens *daimyou teien ‘å–¼’뉀 included ponds for boating, circumambulation, and for viewing. Because of their multiple functions, these gardens were carefully designed to provide visual stimuli from a number of viewpoints.
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