nurigome 塗篭
KEY WORD : architecture / aristocratic dwellings, folk dewllings
1 A sleeping space used by the master and mistress of the house, enclosed with solid plaster walls, usually on three sides in the shinden style residences *shinden-zukuri 寝殿造 of the Heian period aristocracy. The room was also used as a dressing room and a storage place for clothes and valuables. The entrance took the form of double-leafed swing doors framed in timber, called *tsumado 妻戸, and in certain examples it occupied a part of the core area *moya 母屋, of the main building, shinden 寝殿. It was 2 by 2 bays. In shinden style buildings one bay was about 3m. A much smaller nurigome, 1 x 1 bay or 1 x 2 bays, also came to be constructed in the northern peripheral area *hisashi 廂. By the late Heian period, it appears that the core-area nurigome was losing its function as sleeping room and served as a storeroom only. By the end of the Heian and early Kamakura periods, the nurigome had ceased to be constructed in the core area. The nurigome in the northern part of the building survived, however, in some cases as a storeroom but in others as a sleeping space. It retained its enclosed character, but the entrance changed from a timber-framed swing door to a sliding door *katabikido 片引戸, or a pair of sliding doors, often with low lintels *kamoi 鴨居, and a high threshold *shikii 敷居. This arrangement is referred to as *choudaigamae 帳台構え. See *choudai 帳台, *nando 納戸.

2 In vernacular houses *minka 民家 of the ancient and medieval periods, a term for a small enclosed room used for sleeping or storage. According to documents dated 1499, a nurigome in the house of Aozamurai Minamoto Hikaru 青侍源光 was used for the storage of linen cloth. It had a ceiling, walls on three sides and an entrance on the fourth side which had a low sliding door, lockable using a drop bolt, otoshisaru 落し猿. It is believed there was a raised threshold. This kind of room was usually 1 x 1 bay, though some examples might have been 1 x 2 bays. See *choudai 帳台, *nando 納戸.

3 An abbreviation for *nurigome-zukuri 塗篭造.


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