moya 母屋
KEY WORD : architecture / general terms
1 The core of a building. Prior to the introduction of Buddhism the term moya meant the central area of a residence. With the advent of Buddhism the central part of a temple building was called moya, and referred to the core of the building placed directly beneath the main part of the roof. It is the sacred area usually containing the altar and various images. The pillars carry transverse beams directly or bracket complexes set on top of them to add support for the transverse beams that may be plain beams *hariyuki 梁行, or rainbow beam *kouryou 虹梁. The pillars, bracket complexes and transverse beams form the basic support for the roof framework over the moya.

a) moya 母屋  b) *hisashi

2 Also *moyageta 母屋桁. Purlins that run parallel to the ridge beam *munagi 棟木, and the wall plate *daiwa 台輪.

a) *munagi 棟木 b) moya 母屋 c) *taruki 垂木 d) ketayuki sujikai 桁行筋違
e) koya sujikai 小屋筋違 f) koyazuka 小屋束 g) *tsumabari 妻梁
h) *hiuchibari 火打梁 i) *koyabari 小屋梁  j) *nokigeta 軒桁

*hisashi 廂, *mokoshi 裳階

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