kakebotoke 懸仏
KEY WORD : art history / iconography
A round metal or wooden plate with a separately made or repousse (hammered from the rear) image of a Shinto deity *kami 神, or Buddhist deity *honjibutsu 本地仏 (Buddhist counterpart of a kami) imposed upon it. The term also refers to the similarly adorned large mirrors hung in Buddhist temples and Shinto shrines. These mirrors may represent the actual forms of images regarded as secret himitsu 秘密. Most kakebotoke are 30 - 50 cm in diameter, although they may be as large as 1m or as small as 10cm. During the Kamakura period the figures in relief on the surface of the plaques became more fully 3D, but by the Nanbukuchou period although some kakebotoke have rounded figures there was a gradual movement towards lower relief and less attention to the modelling of the figures. In the Muromachi period the figures had become simple but the decoration was elaborate (see *Shintou bijutsu 神道美術). In handscroll paintings *emaki 絵巻 of the Kamakura and Motomachi periods kakebotoke are sometimes seen hanging outside the curtains of Shinto sanctuaries *honden 本殿.


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